AI was invented in the 1950s thanks to the work of the mathematician Alan Turing. AI implements a number of techniques to help machines imitate real human intelligence. AI is now being implemented in a growing number of application domains. Major companies like Google, Microsoft, Apple, IBM, and Facebook are all working on applying artificial intelligence to strategic areas.
They have entire networks of artificial neurons that are made of servers and used to handle heavy calculations in huge databases. To make it more clear, let's look at some examples of AI applications. Computer vision, for example, allows the machine to accurately determine the content of an image and then classify it automatically according to the object, color, or face that has been detected. Facebook is already using this technology to identify people in photos uploaded by its users.
AI algorithms are able to optimize their calculations as they perform more and more treatments. This is how spam filters become increasingly efficient when the user identifies an unwanted message or marks false positives. Speech recognition is gaining momentum with virtual assistants now able to transcribe the words formulated in natural language and then process the requests either by answering directly via a speech synthesis with an instantaneous translation or by making a request relating to the command. Google also has already developed a powerful speech recognition API.
One of the most important AI applications is setting up networks of artificial neurons made up of servers and making it possible to handle heavy calculations (optimization, prediction and forecasting, segmentation, clustering, etc.) in gigantic databases.
As AI applications evolve, they are no longer generic solutions. Today, they are serving as automated fund management systems in finance, medical diagnostic aids, risk assessment tools in the field of bank loans, and even decision-enhancing liaisons the military field.
While the artificial intelligence market was worth around $200 million in 2015, it is estimated that it will amount to nearly $90 billion by the year 2025!